Enregistrement vidéo de la Journée d’études « La deixis et l’énonciation entre anthropologie linguistique et sémiotique/The Deixis and the Enunciation Theory between Linguistic Anthropology and Semiotics » (12 janvier 2024)

Nous avons le plaisir de vous transmettre les enregistrements vidéo de la journée d’études « La deixis et l’énonciation entre anthropologie linguistique et sémiotique/The Deixis and the Enunciation Theory between Linguistic Anthropology and Semiotics », organisée le 12 janvier 2024 par Maria Giulia Dondero (FNRS/ULiège), Juan Alonso Aldama (Paris Cité) et Cécile Canut (Paris Cité) à l’Université Paris Cité avec les interventions de Costas Nakassis et Massimo Leone.

L’attribut alt de cette image est vide, son nom de fichier est La-deixis-et-lenonciation-affiche--354x500.jpg.

Conférence “Le Roman délétère” (Université de Liège)

Le 11 mai prochain, nous vous convions à une conférence organisée à l’Université de Liège dans le cadre du cours d’Analyse textuelle par Barnabé Piret. Alexandre Lansmans (Centre de sémiotique et rhétorique) y présentera son essai « Le Roman délétère » (L’Harmattan, 2022). L’événement aura lieu à la Salle Wittert, entre 16 et 17 heures. 

Résumé  

Dans la littérature de la fin du dix-neuvième siècle en France, l’exhibition du corps pourrissant a pu apparaître comme un moyen de faire de la littérature à l’imitation du modèle naturaliste dominant, ou plutôt de sa représentation dégradée par une certaine critique : celle d’une « littérature putride ». À la même époque, l’influence corruptrice exercée par un personnage sur un autre devient un scénario reparaissant chez plusieurs romanciers de premier plan (Zola, Bourget, Wilde, Lorrain et Mirbeau, notamment). En tâchant de retracer la généalogie littéraire du « corrupteur » et à travers un examen des syntagmes « phosphorescence de la pourriture » et « pourriture littéraire », dont on tâchera de retracer l’itinéraire formulaire, nous voudrions montrer que la catégorie de « roman délétère » ou « roman de la pourriture » (cette dernière expression est de Huysmans) peut s’avérer utile pour décrire un moment de transition de l’histoire littéraire où le charnier se fait charnière.

[Parution] Signata 13 – Modes, modalités et modalisations

Cher.e.s collègues,

J’ai le plaisir de vous communiquer la parution du numéro 13 de la revue Signata Annales des sémiotiques / Annals of Semiotics consacré à « Modes, modalités et modalisations / Moods, modalities and modalizations ». Le dossier est dirigé par Pierluigi Basso Fossali, Marion Colas-Blaise et Julien Thiburce.

Avec les contributions de Jacques Fontanille, Alain Rabatel, Pierre Halté, Ralitza Bonéva, Luisa Ruiz Moreno, Anne Beyaert-Geslin, Julien Thiburce, Santiango Guillen, Marion Colas-Blaise, Sémir Badir, Pierluigi Basso Fossali.

La rubrique « Varia » comprend les articles de Johanna Drucker, Nicolas Couégnas, Alonso Rodrigo Zamora Corona, Gabriele Marino, Eduardo Chávez Herrera, Gabriel Laverdière, Matheus Nogueira Schwartzmann, Eduardo C.B. Bittar, Robert Nicolaï.

Le numéro est disponible en open access à cette adresse : https://journals.openedition.org/signata/3438

Bonne lecture !

Maria Giulia Dondero

[Parution] A. Lansmans – Le roman délétère

 

« Il le ferait palpitant, s’ il le faisait, son roman de la pourriture !… » déclare en 1891 Joris-Karl Huysmans à propos de Jean Lorrain. Dans une fin de siècle hantée par le thème de la dégénérescence, le « roman de la pourriture » apparaît comme un « livre à faire ». De Zola à Lorrain en passant par Paul Bourget, Oscar Wilde et Octave Mirbeau notamment, le corrupteur fait partie du personnel romanesque de cette époque, au même titre que l’esthète décadent ou que la femme fatale. Cependant, dans un champ littéraire autonomisé qui ne croit plus guère aux mauvaises lectures, qu’est-ce que ce roman délétère sinon une aberration ? L’hypothèse de cet essai au carrefour de l’histoire des idées, de l’étude du discours social et de la critique thématique est que ce roman s’inscrit parmi les réactions contre la décadence.

Pour lire un extrait : http://liseuse.harmattan.fr/978-2-14-025797-1

Alexandre Lansmans, Le roman délétère. De Nana à Monsieur de Phocas, Paris, L’Harmattan, coll. « Espaces littéraires », 2022, 202 pages.

P.D.R. FNRS Towards a Genealogy of Visual Forms – M. G. Dondero

Maria Giulia Dondero

(National Fund for Scientific Research/ULiège)

Towards a Genealogy of Visual Forms: Semiotic and Computer-Assisted Approaches to Large Image Collections

4-year Research Project Financed by F.R.S.-FNRS (2022-2025)

Abstract

This research project focuses on the genealogy of visual forms, that is the filiation of images within the framework of large image collections (“Big Visual Data”). More specifically, the project will study the revival and migration of forms initially found in Renaissance and baroque paintings held in European museums. Aiming to go beyond the studies on visual similarities that are currently being conducted in digital art history and in the digital humanities, this research on the genealogy of forms seeks to produce a diachronic analysis of the long period which sustained the transmission of forms from the Renaissance to the present day. These genealogies can be studied in large collections of paintings and contemporary fashion photographs available in databases such as the Web Gallery of Art and the Fashion Photography Archives of the Bloomsbury Fashion Central. The forms that will be examined in their revival/deformation/renewal are those of the gestures of the human body. These gestures constitute forms that are difficult to segment using the instruments that have been used so far in the field of computer vision (image processing). Such instruments favor a segmentation of the image according to the recognizable and static objects it may feature. In order to analyze gestures and, more generally, to transform the current ways of segmenting images, the project intends to work on the concept of “force”, drawing inspiration from studies of painting by Gilles Deleuze and René Thom. This project is also in line with Aby Warburg’s theoretical-practical perspective on the migration of motifs, and with Henri Focillon’s work on the genealogy of forms. More generally, it aims to reconsider the relation between contemporary quantitative and qualitative methods supported by computational analysis.

Three steps 

My research project focuses on the relation between contemporary approaches in Image Processing and the genealogy of visual forms in art history as conceived of by Aby Warburg (Atlas Mnemosyne, 2012 [1924-1929]) and by Henri Focillon (The Life of Forms in Art, 1992 [1934]). In my view, the projects of Warburg and Focillon were left unfinished due to the difficulty of detecting patterns across works from museums and collections which were both dispersed geographically and disparate in terms of their media and of the periods they covered. The increased digitization of artworks, the availability of online databases, and the computer processing of large corpora of images now make such projects technically feasible. 

Firstly, in this project, I will consider the ongoing research projects on image similarities such as the Media Visualizationproject of the Cultural Analytics Lab led by Lev Manovich, and the Replica project launched by B. Seguin at the EPFL’sDigital Humanities Lab in Switzerland. 

Secondly, I will evaluate how the future of the digital analysis of images may benefit from the ideas underlying the ambitious projects of Warburg and Focillon. 

Thirdly, I will draw from my latest book, The Language of Images. The Forms and the Forces (Dondero 2020), to propose my conception of forms and forces in images to Computer Vision, with the objective of making continuous bodily gestures analyzable in large collections of paintings and photographs. The solutions offered by this project are based on a method of image segmentation that underlies a wider philosophical reflection. This method finds its roots in the French School of Semiotics, especially in the tensive semiotics developed by Jacques Fontanille and Claude Zilberberg (Fontanille and Zilberberg 1998), as well as in Gilles Deleuze’s work on pictorial diagrams (Deleuze 2003) and in René Thom’s idea of conflicting forces in painting (Thom 1983).

Three kinds of corpora

I intend to analyze a corpus consisting of representations of human gestures and movements. Each gesture and movement represented has to be treated as being constituted by an equilibrium (or disequilibrium) between bodily internal forces like the ones in the faces of Bacon’s portraits (retention, constriction, dissipation, attraction, etc.) and externally directed movements (towards the surrounding space) around the human figure, in the landscape surrounding it. It’s important to study the internal energies and the external movements of the body in relation to the landscape. In this sense, it’s difficult to make an a priori distinction between gestures and external movements because the external movements are the developments of the gestures, the irradiation of their directions. 

Why gestures and bodily movements have been chosen as the focus of the corpus? Because they are present in every genre (except in still lifes) and in every representational theme and style, but do not constitute a class of images in themselves. This is noticeable in databases (see for instance the classification by WikiArt): Gestures elude every classification of images. 

The images I consider relevant for the constitution of the corpora come in two kinds, as they belong to two different media and periods of time:

1. Fine art painting from the Renaissance onwards. This branch of cultural production has been chosen for at least two reasons: the first one is that my project aims at harvesting the legacy of Warburg’s analysis of bodily movements in which he acknowledged the Renaissance as an era of concentration of influences coming from opposing cultures in Antiquity (Dionysian and Apollonian); the second one is that Renaissance painting and sketches are the starting point for a complex and sophisticated manner of representing the body, especially the feminine one;

2. Contemporary fashion photography in the field of advertising, which I consider to be an iconographical heir to classical painting, especially in the ways that bodies, be they represented at rest or in movement, are found arranged in a variety of creative manners. The close relation between Renaissance painting and fashion photography, as far as gestures are concerned, had already been noted by Berger in the 1970s.

My hypothesis is that fine art painting in the Renaissance inaugurated a special focus on the representation of gestures and movements, which contemporary fashion photography has inherited. The latter is one of the most inventive domains of image production, being very close to artistic ambitions and compositions, and being the one domain which cites, imitates, and spoofs painting iconographies the most. 

Two examples of this path from the Renaissance to contemporary fashion photography can be found in the following schema where two works by Leonardo da Vinci have been used (Figure 1): 

Figure 1. Cédric Honba, Images Experience, 2020. 

My research program has been planned as follows: I will establish a small starting working corpus that is constituted by twenty paintings and their sketches when applicable (corpus 1) and a reference corpus (corpus 2) which comprises the big data archives such as The Web Gallery of Art and similar image databases which contain the fine art paintings and the contemporary fashion photographs. By working corpus, I mean the small corpus that it’s necessary to select as a starting point for the analysis of gestures in the Renaissance and baroque painting. It will be contrasted with the reference corpusin order to find the networks of images that have a legacy with the images of the working corpus in terms of remake/rework/resurgence. I will obtain a final analytical corpus (corpus 3) which consists of what will result from the computational analysis contrasting the working corpus with the reference one. In other words, the analytical corpus (a sort of virtual museum) will be constituted by the genealogies of visual forms that will be revealed through the contrastive operations applied to the working corpus with respect to the reference corpus.  

Compte rendu de la JE « Supports d’écriture : urbains, imprimés, numériques »

Ce vendredi 9 avril 2021, les étudiantes du séminaire de recherche en sémiotique, rhétorique et poétique consacré cette année aux « discours urbains » étaient invitées à assister à la journée d’étude « Supports d’écriture : urbains, imprimés, numériques » organisée en visioconférence par Rossana de Angelis et Agathe Cormier du C.E.D.I.T.E.C. (Centre d’étude des discours, images, textes, écrits et communication) de l’université Paris-Est-Créteil.

Cette journée pluridisciplinaire avait pour objectif d’interroger les matérialités des supports de signification en considérant les formes sémiotiques et linguistiques qu’ils véhiculent. Le interventions de la matinée étaient consacrées aux supports numériques, celles de l’après-midi aux supports non-numériques. Vu l’intérêt de ces réflexions pour la recherche développée au sein de notre séminaire, et en attendant la publication des interventions de cette journée, en voici un résumé succinct. Continuer la lecture de « Compte rendu de la JE « Supports d’écriture : urbains, imprimés, numériques » »

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